Why are we interested in "woody cell walls"?

Lignocellulose from woody cell wall is a renewable resource and a promising fossil-fuel alternative for industrial purposes. Its complex structure is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin, and all of these come from the carbon sequestration process via plants’ photosynthesis. The ratios and structures of these three components vary by plant species, and these dramatically affect the energy input and chemical consumption for the lateral application. Understanding of the complexity of the wood formation process could lead us to engineer tailored biomass suitable for specific industrial purposes.